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Original Research

Open Access

Probable Sleep Bruxism in Children and its Relationship with Harmful Oral Habits, Type of Crossbite and Oral Breathing

  • R M Lamenha Lins1,*,
  • M C Cavalcanti Campêlo2
  • L Mello Figueiredo1
  • M Vilela Heimer3
  • V E dos Santos-Junior1

1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Federal University of Alagoas, Brazil

2Department of Public Health, Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil

3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of Pernambuco, Brazil

DOI: 10.17796/1053-4625-44.1.12 Vol.44,Issue 1,January 2020 pp.66-69

Published: 01 January 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): R M Lamenha Lins E-mail: renatamlamenha@gmail.com

Abstract

Objective: To establish the prevalence of Probable Sleep Bruxism (PSB) and its association with gender, breast or bottle-feeding, posterior and anterior crossbite, oral habits and oral breathing. Study Design: Consists of a cross-sectional study in which 151 children were submitted to a clinical oral examination for the evaluation of tooth wear, muscle discomfort and the presence of anterior and/or posterior crossbite. Parents/caregivers were asked about the frequency of teeth grinding during the child's sleep and the occurrence of harmful oral habits, as well as the type of childbirth and breastfeeding. Data were statistically analyzed through Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests at a 5% level of significance to determine an association among variables. Results: The prevalence of PSB was of 27.8% among the examined children. Among the analyzed variables, only oral breathing was statistically associated to PSB (p < 0.001), and it was verified that children with oral breathing are 2.71 times more likely to present sleep bruxism. Conclusions: The prevalence of PSB in schoolchildren was high and the disorder was associated with oral breathing. Thus, pediatric dentists have an important role in the diagnosis of sleep bruxism and in monitoring breathing-related disorders.


Keywords

Child; Epidemiology; Habits; Malocclusion; Sleep bruxism


Cite and Share

R M Lamenha Lins,M C Cavalcanti Campêlo,L Mello Figueiredo,M Vilela Heimer,V E dos Santos-Junior. Probable Sleep Bruxism in Children and its Relationship with Harmful Oral Habits, Type of Crossbite and Oral Breathing. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2020. 44(1);66-69.

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