Article Data

  • Views 963
  • Dowloads 166

Original Research

Open Access

Drinking Desalinated Water that Lack Calcium and Magnesium Has No Effect on Mineral Content of Enamel and Dentin in Primary Teeth

  • Avia Fux Noy1
  • Uri Zilberman2
  • Noa Regev1
  • Moti Moskovitz1,*,

1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, the Hebrew University – Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel

2Pediatric Dental Unit, Barzilai Medical Center, Ashkelon, Israel

DOI: 10.17796/1053-4625-44.1.8 Vol.44,Issue 1,January 2020 pp.47-51

Published: 01 January 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Moti Moskovitz E-mail: motim@md.huji.ac.il

Abstract

Objective: The present study compared the mineral contents of enamel and dentin of primary teeth from children exposed to desalinated water with those from children drinking ground water. Study design: The study comprised of two groups of teeth, seven primary teeth from children living in areas supplied exclusively with desalinated water and seven primary teeth from children that have been exposed solely to ground water from in-utero until the teeth were either extracted or naturally shed. Mineral content of three tooth regions was determined by scanning electron microscopy with an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS). The main ion content of each region was calculated. Results: Children exposed to ground water presented higher levels of magnesium in pre- and post- natal enamel than children living in areas supplied exclusively with desalinated water but without significant differences. The same was found for calcium levels.Excluding post-natal enamel calcium level (of borderline statistical significance), no significant differences were found in magnesium and calcium levels of primary teeth enamel and dentin of children exposed to desalinated water in comparison to children exposed to ground water. Conclusion: Mineral content of enamel and dentin in primary teeth is not affected by consuming desalinated water.

Keywords

Desalinated water; Enamel minerals; Dentin minerals; Primary teeth


Cite and Share

Avia Fux Noy,Uri Zilberman,Noa Regev,Moti Moskovitz. Drinking Desalinated Water that Lack Calcium and Magnesium Has No Effect on Mineral Content of Enamel and Dentin in Primary Teeth. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2020. 44(1);47-51.

References

1. Penn R, Birnhack L, Adin A, Lahav O. New desalinated drinking water regulations are met by an innovative post-treatment process for improved public health. Water Science and Technology–Water Supply; 9(3): 225–231. 2009.

2. Cotruvo JA, Bartram J, and World Health Organization. Calcium and magnesium in drinking-water: public health significance / World Health Organization World Health Organization Geneva, Switzerland; 2009.

3. Shlezinger M, Amitai Y, Goldenberg I, Shechter M. Desalinated seawater supply and all-cause mortality in hospitalized acute myocardial infarction patients from the Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Survey 2002-2013. Int J Cardiol; 220:544-50. 2016.

4. Avni N, Eben-Chaime M, Oron G. Optimizing desalinated seawater blending with other sources to meet magnesium requirements for potable and irrigation waters. Water Res;47(7):2164-76 . 2013.

5. McGowan W. Water Processing, Residential, Commercial, Light Industrial. In: Harrison JF (ed) Water Quality Association, 3rd edn, Lisle, Illinois, USA; pp. 309. 2000.

6. Cotruvo J. Health aspects of calcium and magnesium in drinking water, Proceedings of the Proc. Int. Symposium on Health Aspects of Calcium and Magnesium in Drinking Water, Baltimore, USA; 2006.

7. World Health Organization. March. Safe drinking-water from desalination Guidance on risk assessment and risk management procedures to ensure the safety of desalinated drinking-water. WHO reference number: WHO/ HSE/WSH/11.03; 2011. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/ publications/desalination_guidance/en/

8. Yermiyahu U, Tal A, Ben-Gal A, Bar-Tal A, Tarchitzky J, Lahav O. Environmental science. Rethinking desalinated water quality and agriculture. Science;318(5852):920-1. 2007.

9. Tenne A. Sea Water Desalination in Israel: Planning, coping with difficulties, and economic aspects of long-term risks. State of Israel Desalination Division. http://www.water.gov.il/Hebrew/ProfessionalInfoAndData/2012/12-Desalination-in-Israel.pdf; 2010.

10. Antonio N. Enamel: Composition, Formation, and Structure, in: Ten Cate’s Oral histology. Development, structure, and function. 8th edn. St. Louis: The C.V. Mosby Copp; Pp 122-164, 2012.

11. Terpstra RA, Driessens FC. Magnesium in tooth enamel and synthetic apatites. Calcif Tissue Int; 39(5):348-54. 1986.

12. La Fontaine A, Zavgorodniy A, Liu H, Zheng R, Swain M, Cairney J. Atomic-scale compositional mapping reveals Mg-rich amorphous calcium phosphate in human dental enamel. Sci Adv; 2(9):e1601145. 2016.

13. Caropreso S, Bondioli L, Capannolo D, Cerroni L, MacChiarelli R, Condò SG. Thin sections for hard tissue histology: a new procedure. J Microsc; 199(Pt 3):244-7. 2000.

14. Schrøder S, Homøe P, Wagner N, Vataire AL, Lundager Madsen HE, Bardow A. Does drinking water influence hospital-admitted sialolithiasis on an epidemiological level in Denmark? BMJ Open; 5(4):e007385. 2015.

15. Sejdini M, Meqa K, Berisha N, Çitaku E, Aliu N, Krasniqi S, Salihu S. The Effect of Ca and Mg Concentrations and Quantity and Their Correlation with Caries Intensity in School-Age Children. Int J Dent ; 8:2018:2759040. 2018.

16. Lin HS, Lin JR, Hu SW, Kuo HC, Yang YH. Association of dietary calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium intake with caries status among schoolchildren. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 30(4): 206-12. 2014.

17. Adin A, Reifen R, Lahav O, Brenner A. Israeli standards for calcium in desalinated water: considerations and recommendations. Presented at International Symposium on Health Aspects of Calcium and Magnesium in Drinking Water, 24– 26 April 2006, Baltimore, MD. International Life Sciences Institute, Washington, DC; 2006.


Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Scopus: CiteScore 1.8 (2023) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top