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Original Research

Open Access

Sleep Bruxism and Anxiety Impacts in Quality of Life Related to Oral Health of Brazilian Children and their Families

  • Nashalie Andrade de Alencar1
  • Cecília Sued Leão1
  • Anna Thereza Thomé Leão1
  • Ronir Raggio Luiz1
  • Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves1
  • Lucianne Cople Maia1,*,

1Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

DOI: 10.17796/1053-4628-41.3.179 Vol.41,Issue 3,May 2017 pp.179-185

Published: 01 May 2017

*Corresponding Author(s): Lucianne Cople Maia E-mail: rorefa@terra.com.br

Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to assess the impact of parent reported sleep bruxism, trait anxiety and sociodemographic/socioeconomic features on quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL) of children and their families. Study Design: Healthy children aged 3–7 years, with (n=34) and without (n=32) bruxism were select for this study. Data was collected by applying the following instruments: The Early Childhood Oral Health Scale (B-ECOHIS) and Trait-anxiety Scale (TAS). The sociodemographic/socioeconomic characteristics were obtained by interviews with parents. Multiple logistic regression tests were performed to observe the influence of sociodemographic/socioeconomic characteristics, bruxism and trait-anxiety on the children's OHRQoL. Results: No association between sleep bruxism and all evaluated sociodemographic/socioeconomic conditions, with exception of being the only child (p=0.029), were observed. Mean B-ECOHIS and TAS scores were different (p<0.05) between children with (3.41 ± 4.87; 45.09 ± 15.46, respectively) and without (0.63 ± 1.28; 29.53 ± 11.82, respectively) bruxism. Although an association between bruxism and OHRQoL (p=0.015) was observed, it was dropped (p=0.336; OR=1.77) in the logistic regression model. Trait anxiety was the variable responsible for the impact on the OHRQoL of children (p=0.012; OR=1.05). Conclusion: Our results indicated anxiety as the main factor that interfered in the OHRQoL of children with sleep bruxism

Keywords

Children, Sleep Bruxism, Anxiety, Quality of Life

Cite and Share

Nashalie Andrade de Alencar,Cecília Sued Leão,Anna Thereza Thomé Leão,Ronir Raggio Luiz,Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves,Lucianne Cople Maia. Sleep Bruxism and Anxiety Impacts in Quality of Life Related to Oral Health of Brazilian Children and their Families. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2017. 41(3);179-185.

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