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Dental Decay and Oral Findings in Children and Adolescents Affected by Different Types of Cerebral Palsy: A Comparative Study

  • Juan Pablo Loyola Rodríguez1,*,
  • Jose Luis Ayala-Herrera2
  • Noel Muñoz-Gomez3
  • Rita E Martínez- Martínez3
  • Miguel Angel Santos-Díaz3
  • Jose Honorio Olvera-Delgado3
  • Alejandra Loyola-Leyva3

1Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosí, México. Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Valle de las Palmas, Tijuana, México

2Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Valle de las Palmas, Tijuana, BC, México

3Universidad Autónoma de San Luis Potosi, México

DOI: 10.17796/1053-4628-42.1.11 Vol.42,Issue 1,January 2018 pp.62-66

Published: 01 January 2018

*Corresponding Author(s): Juan Pablo Loyola Rodríguez E-mail:


Objective: To compare dental caries and oral findings in patients affected by different types of Cerebral Palsy (CP). Study design: This cross-sectional study involved 120 children and adolescents with a diagnosis of CP. WHO diagnostic criteria were used to determine DMFT (caries diagnosis), the pocket depth and attachment level (periodontitis diagnosis). Additionally, the study evaluated dental erosion, traumatic dental injuries, treatment needs index (TNI), oral habits, malocclusions, gingival overgrowth, and dental fluorosis. Results: The most frequent CP type was spastic (62.5%), followed by mixed (18.3%), ataxic (10%), and athetoid (9.1). Patients affected by mixed CP showed a higher prevalence in decayed, DMFT index and TNI compared with the other types of CP (p<0.05). The frequency of malocclusion in the clinical evaluation was 87.5% and in plaster models was 49.2%. Conclusions: Dental caries was an important issue in mixed and athetoid CP groups. Oral habits and malocclusions were the most significant oral health problems in individuals with CP.


Cerebral Palsy; Periodontal Disease; DMFT index; Dental Caries; Malocclusions.

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Juan Pablo Loyola Rodríguez,Jose Luis Ayala-Herrera,Noel Muñoz-Gomez,Rita E Martínez- Martínez,Miguel Angel Santos-Díaz,Jose Honorio Olvera-Delgado,Alejandra Loyola-Leyva. Dental Decay and Oral Findings in Children and Adolescents Affected by Different Types of Cerebral Palsy: A Comparative Study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2018. 42(1);62-66.


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