Skeletal and occlusal characteristics in mouth-breathing pre-school children
1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Uberaba, Brazil
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.28.4.hg0k800564031787 Vol.28,Issue 4,October 2004 pp.315-318
Published: 01 October 2004
This study verified the influence of chronic mouth breathing on dentofacial growth and developmental in
pre-school children.The study evaluated 73 children, both sexes, ranging from 3 to 6 years of age.After the
otorhinolaryngological breathing diagnosis, 44 mouth-breathing children and 29 nasal-breathing children
were compared according to facial and occlusal characteristics. The skeletal pattern measurements
SN.GoGn,BaN.PtGn,PP.PM,Ar-Go, S-Go indicated a tendency to mouth-breathing children presenting
a dolicofacial pattern. According to occlusal characteristics, only the intermolar distance showed a significant
correlation with a narrow maxillary arch in mouth-breathing subjects. Based on the results of this
study, mouth-breathing can influence craniofacial and occlusal development early in childhood.
Sara Elisa M. Mattar,Wilma T. Anselmo-Lima,Fabiana C. P.Valera,Mirian A. N. Matsumoto. Skeletal and occlusal characteristics in mouth-breathing pre-school children. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2004. 28(4);315-318.
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