Article Data

  • Views 331
  • Dowloads 104

Original Research

Open Access

A field trial on semi-annual fluoride varnish applications among the special needs schoolchildren

  • Ibricevic H1
  • Honkala S2
  • Honkala E2,*,
  • Al-Quraini W1

1Paediatric Dentistry Clinic, Amiri Dental Centre, Ministry of Health, Kuwait

2Faculty of Dentistry, Kuwait University

DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.30.2.438ntu72m0hj4212 Vol.30,Issue 2,March 2006 pp.135-138

Published: 01 March 2006

*Corresponding Author(s): Honkala E E-mail:


This study assessed cariostatic effect of one fluoride varnish Duraphat® among children with a low caries risk and compared this effect to group of a moderate caries risk, belonging to same ethnic group with same socioeconomic background. Results of this study showed that fluoride varnish had cario-static effect in a group of children with a moderate caries risk but not among those with a low caries risk.

Cite and Share

Ibricevic H,Honkala S,Honkala E,Al-Quraini W. A field trial on semi-annual fluoride varnish applications among the special needs schoolchildren. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2006. 30(2);135-138.


1. Seppä L. Fluoride varnishes in caries prevention. Med Princ Pract 13: 307–311, 2004.

2. Scheifele E, Studen-Pavlovich D, Markovic N. Practitioner’s guide to fluoride. Dent Clin N Am 46: 831–846, 2002.

3. Hellwig E, Lennon AM. Systemic versus topical fluoride. Caries Res 38: 258–262, 2004.

4. Wegner H. The clinical effect of application of fluoride varnish. Caries Res 10: 318–320, 1976.

5. Clark DC. A review on fluoride varnishes: an alternative topical fluoride treatment. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 10: 117–123, 1982.

6. Featherstone JD. The science and practice of caries prevention. J Am Dent Assoc 131: 887–899, 2000.

7. Mandel ID. Caries prevention current strategies, new directions. J Am Dent Assoc 127: 1477–1488, 1996.

8. Petersson LG. Fluoride mouthrinses and fluoride varnishes. Caries Res 27(Suppl 1): 35–42, 1993.

9. Weintraub JA, Millstein SG. Fluoride varnish for caries preven-tion: comparison with other preventive agents and recommenda-tion for a community-based protocol. Spec Care Dentist 23: 189–186, 2003.

10. Bravo M, Llodra JC, Baca P, Osorio E. Effectiveness of visible light fissure sealant (Delton) versus fluoride varnish (Duraphat): 24- month clinical trial. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 24: 42–46, 1996.

11. Beltran-Aguilar ED, Goldstein JW, Lockwood SA. Fluoride var-nishes. A review of their clinical use, cariostatic mechanism, effi-cacy and safety. J Am Dent Assoc 131: 589–596, 2000.

12. Maia LC, de Souza IPR, Cury JA. Effects of a combination of flu-oride dentifrice and varnish on enamel surface rehardening and fluoride uptake in vitro. Eur J Oral Sci 111: 58–72, 2003.

13. Vaikuntam J. Fluoride varnishes: should we be using them?Pediatr Dent 22: 513–516, 2000.

14. Ten Cate JM. Current concept on the theories of the mechanism of action of fluoride. Acta Odontol Scand 57: 325–329, 1999.

15. Strohmenger L, Brambilla E. The use of fluoride varnishes in the prevention of dental caries: a short review. Oral Dis 7: 71–77, 2001.

16. Skold L, Sundquist B, Eriksson B, Edeland C. Four-year study of caries inhibition of intensive Duraphat application in 11-15-year-old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 22: 8–12, 1994.

17. Helfenstein U, Steiner M. Fluoride varnishes (Duraphat): a meta–analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 22: 1–5, 1994.

18. Kallestal C, Norlund A, Soder B, Nordenram G, Dahlgren H, Petersson LG, Lagerlof F, Axelsson S, Lingstrom P, Mejare I, Holman AK, Twetman S. Economical evaluation of dental caries prevention: a systemic review. Acta Odontol Scand 61: 341–346, 2003.

19. Jones CM, Worthington H. Water fluoridation, poverty and tooth decay in 12-year-old children. J Dent 28: 389–393, 2000.

20. Stecksen-Blicks C, Rydberg A, Nyman L,Asplund S, Svanberg C. Dental caries experience in children with congenital heart dis-ease: a case-control study. Int J Peadiatr Dent 14: 94–100, 2004.

21. Dohnke-Hohrmann S, Zimmer S. Change in caries prevalence after implementation of a fluoride varnish program. J Public Health Dent 64: 96–100, 2004.

22. Schuller AA, Kalsbeek H. Effects of the routine professional application of topical fluoride on caries and treatment experi-ence in adolescents of low socio-economics status in the Netherlands. Caries Res 37: 172–177, 2003.

23. Hobdell MH, Oliveira ER, Bautista R, Myburgh NG, Lalloo R, Narendran, Johnson NW. Oral diseases and socio-economic sta-tus (SES). Br Dent J 194: 91–96, 2003.

24. Taani DQ. Relationship of socioeconomic background to oral hygiene, gingival status, and dental caries in children. Quintessence Int 33: 195–198, 2002.

25. Baca P, Junco P, Bravo M, Baca AP, Munoz MJ. Caries incidence in permanent first molar after discontinuation of a school-based chlorhexidine-thymol varnish program. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 31: 179–183, 2003.

26. Riley JC, Lennon MA, Ellwood RP. The effects of water fluori-dation and social inequalities on dental caries in 5-year-old chil-dren. Int J Epidemiol 28: 300–305, 1999.

27. World Health Organization (WHO). Oral Health Surveys: Basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva, 1997.

28. Al-Khateeb TL, Darwish SK, BAstawi AE, O’Mullane DM. Dental caries in children residing in communities in Saudi Arabia with different levels of natural fluoride in the drinking water. Community Dent Health 7: 165–171, 1990.

29. Shaw L, O’Sullivan E. UK National Clinical Guidelines in Paediatric Dentistry. Diagnosis and prevention of dental erosion in children. Int J Paediatr Dent 10: 356–365, 2000.

30. Mattila ML, Rautava P, Sillanpaa, Paunio P. Caries in five-year-old children and association with family-related factors. J Dent Res 79: 875–881, 2000.

31. Shyama M, Al-Mutawa SA, Morris RE, Sugathan T, Honkala E. Dental caries experience of disabled children and young adults in Kuwait. Community Dent Health 18: 181–186, 2001.

32. Broadbent JM, Ayers KM, Thomson WM. Is attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder a risk factor for dental caries? A case-con-trol study. Caries Res 38: 29–33, 2004.

33. Noren JG, Gillberg C. Mineralization disturbances in the decid-uous teeth of children with so called minimal brain dysfunction. Swed Dent J 11: 37–43, 1987.

34. Petersson LG, Westerberg I. Intensive fluoride varnish program in Swedish adolescents: economic assessment of a 7-year follow-up study on proximal caries incidence. Caries Res 28: 59–63, 1994.

35. Bawden JW. Fluoride varnish: a useful new tool for public health dentistry. J Public Health Dent 58: 266–269, 1998.

36. Zimmer S, Robke FJ, Roulet JF. Caries prevention with fluoride varnish in a socially deprived community. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 27: 103–108, 1999.

37. Fontana M, Gonzales-Cabezas C, Haider A, Stookey GK. Inhibition of secondary caries lesion progression using fluoride varnish. Caries Res 36: 129–135, 2002.

38. Weinstein P, Domoto P, Koday M, Leroux B. Results of promis-ing open trial to prevent baby bottle tooth decay: a fluoride var-nish study. J Dent Child 70: 338–340, 1994.

39. Seppa L, Pollanen L. Caries preventive effect of two fluoride var-nishes and a fluoride mouthrinse. Caries Res 21: 375–379, 1987.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

PubMed (MEDLINE) PubMed comprises more than 35 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Submission Turnaround Time