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Original Research

Open Access

Impact of Infant Feeding Practices on Caries Experience of Preschool Children

  • Morenike O Folayan1,*,
  • Christiana A Sowole2
  • Foluso J Owotade3
  • Elizabeth Sote4

1Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

2Department of Child Dental Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria

3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

4Department of Child Dental Health, University of Lagos, Lagos

DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.34.4.pjp25217558072up Vol.34,Issue 4,July 2010 pp.297-302

Published: 01 July 2010

*Corresponding Author(s): Morenike O Folayan E-mail: toyinukpong@yahoo.co.uk

Abstract

Aim: This study investigated the association between breastfeeding, bottle feeding, night feeding, age, and sex of the child on the caries experience. Method: Information was collected from the mothers of preschool children. Information included the age of the child, sex of the child, form of breastfeeding (whether exclusive,almost exclusive or mixed), duration of breastfeeding, night feeding habits of the child, and duration and content of bottle feeding. Intraoral examination was done to assess the dmft. The impact of the variables on the caries experience (rampant caries, no caries and the dmft) was then assessed. Results: The duration of breast feeding (p=0.002), and form of breast feeding (p=0.03) were significant predictors of the dmft. The dmft was highest in children who were breastfeed for longer than 18 months and highest for children who were exclusively breastfed. There is a strong association between rampant caries and duration of breast feeding only (p<0.001). The risk of having rampant caries increases by 10% (p = 0.012) with every month increase in the duration of breastfeeding. Conclusion: The duration of breastfeeding increased the risk for rampant caries in preschool children in Nigeria. The longer the duration, the higher the risk for caries.

Keywords

Breastfeeding, night feeding, caries, preschool, Nigeria

Cite and Share

Morenike O Folayan,Christiana A Sowole,Foluso J Owotade,Elizabeth Sote. Impact of Infant Feeding Practices on Caries Experience of Preschool Children. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2010. 34(4);297-302.

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