Article Data

  • Views 600
  • Dowloads 122

Original Research

Open Access

Candida, Mutans Streptococci, Oral Hygiene and Caries in Children

  • Peretz B1,*,
  • Mazor Y2
  • Dagon N1
  • Bar-Ness Greenstein R2

1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

2Department of Oral Biology, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.36.2.f1m4283501374t22 Vol.36,Issue 2,March 2012 pp.185-188

Published: 01 March 2012

*Corresponding Author(s): Peretz B E-mail: bperetz@post.tau.ac.il

Abstract

Objective: to test the association between Candida and mutans streptococci (ms), oral hygiene and caries levels and in children. Methods: 22 boys and 12 girls (age 6 to 14.5 years) participated in the study. Each participant received a toothbrush, and was asked to brush his/her teeth after proper instructions. Dental caries and oral hygiene were recorded. Candida and ms levels were determined in saliva samples. Results: Candida colonies were observed in 70.5% of the children. No association was found between Candida and caries or plaque and gingival indices. C. albicans-positive children demonstrated significantly higher brushing scores. Conclusions: Our findings may suggest that there is no clear association between Candida in saliva, and levels of cariogenic bacteria and caries risk in children.

Keywords

Candida, mutans streptococcci, oral hygiene, caries

Cite and Share

Peretz B,Mazor Y,Dagon N,Bar-Ness Greenstein R. Candida, Mutans Streptococci, Oral Hygiene and Caries in Children. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2012. 36(2);185-188.

References

1. Akdeniz B, E.Koparal, Sen BH, Ates M, Denizci AA. Prevalence of Candida  albicans  in  oral  cavities  and  root  canals  of  children.  J  Dent Child, 69: 289–292, 2002.

2. Ollilia P, Niemela M, Uhari M, Larmas M. Risk factors for coloniza-tion  of  salivary  lactobacilli  and  Candida  in  children.  Acta  Odontol Scand. 55: 9–13, 1997.

3. Koga-Ito  CY,  Unterkircher  U,  Watanabe  H,  Martins  C.P,  Vidotto  V, Jorge AOC. Caries risk tests and salivary  levels of immunoglobulins to Streptococcus  mutans  and  Candida  albicans  in  mouthbreathing  syn-drome patients. Caries Res, 37: 38–43, 2003.

4. Uygan-Can B, Kadir T, Akyuz S. Oral Candidal carriage in children with and without dental caries. Quintessence Int, 38: 45–49, 2007.

5. Carvalho  FG,  Silva  DS,  Hebling  J,  Spolidorio  LC,  Spolidorio  DMP. Presence  of  mutans  streptococci  and   Candida  spp.  In  dental plaque/dentin  of  carious  teeth  and  early  childhood  caries. Arch  Oral Biol, 51: 1024–1028, 2006.

6. Starr JR, White TC, Luis HS, Bernardo M, Roberts MC. Persistence of Oral  Candida  albicans  carriage  in  healthy  portugease  schoolchildren followed for 3 years. Oral Microbiol Immuno, 17: 304–310, 2002.

7. Raitio M, Pienihakkien K, Scheinin A. Multifactorial modeling for pre-diction  of  caries  increment  in  adolescents. Acta  Odontol  Scand,  54: 118–21, 1996.

8. Raitio M., Pienihakkien K, Scheinin A. Assessment of single risk indi-cators  in  relation  to  caries  increment  in  adolescents.  Acta  Odontol Scand, 54: 113–117, 1996.

9. Jabra-Rizk  MA,  Torres  SR,  Rambob  I,  Meiller  TF,  Grossman  LK, Minah  G.  Prevalence  of  oral  Candida  species  in  a  North  American pediatric population. J Clin Pediatr Dent, 31: 260–263, 2007.

10.  Greene  JC,  Vermillion  JR.  The  simplified  oral  hygiene  index.  J Am Dent Assoc, 68: 7–13, 1964.

11. Lobene RR, Weatherford T, Ross NM, Lamm RA, Menaker L. A mod-ified gingival index for use in clinical trials. Clin Prev Dent, 8: 3–6, 1986.

12.  Matsukubo T, Ohta K, Maki Y, Takeuchi M, Takazoe I. A semi-quanti-tiative determination of Streptococcus mutans using its adherent ability in a selective medium. Caries Res, 15: 40–45, 1981.

13.  Ramos-Gomez  FJ,  Weintraub  JA,  Gansky  SA.  Bacterial,  behavioral and  environmental  factors  associated  with  early  childhood  caries.  J Clin Pediatr Dent, 26: 165–173, 2002.

14.  Barsamian-Wunsch P, Park JH, Watson MR: Microbiological screening for carogenic bacteria in children 0-36 month of age. Pediatr Dent, 26: 231–239, 2004.

15.  Van Houte J. Microbiological predictors of caries risk. Adv Dent Res, 7: 87–96, 1993.

16.  Thein ZM, Samaranayake YH, Samaranayake LP. Effect of oral bacte-ria  on  growth  and  survival  of  Candida  albicans  biofilms. Arch  Oral Biol, 51: 672–680, 2006.

17.  Pereira  Cenci  T,  Deng  DM,  Kraneveld  EA,  et  al.  The  effect  of  Streptoccocus  mutans  and  Candida  glabrata  on  Candida  albicans biofilms  formed  on  different  surfaces. Arch  Oral  Biol,  53:  755–764, 2008.

18.  Siqueira WL,  Bermejo  PR,  Mustacchi  Z,  Nicolau  J.  Buffer  capacity, pH, and flow rate in saliva of children aged 2-60 months with Down syndrome. Clin Investig, 9: 26–29, 2005.

19.  Yarat A, Akyüz S, Koç L, Erdem H, Emekli N. Salivary sialic acid, pro-tein,  salivary  flow  rate,  pH,  buffering  capacity  and  caries  indices  in subjects with Down’s syndrome. J Dent, 27: 115–118, 1999

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

PubMed (MEDLINE) PubMed comprises more than 35 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Scopus: CiteScore 2.0 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top