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Dental Caries and Salivary Alterations in Type I Diabetes

  • Rai K1
  • Hegde AM1,*,
  • Kamath A1
  • Shetty S2

1Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Children Dentistry, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences

2Department of Biochemistry, K.S. Hegde Medical Academy

DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.36.2.x436ln878221g364 Vol.36,Issue 2,March 2012 pp.181-184

Published: 01 March 2012

*Corresponding Author(s): Hegde AM E-mail:


Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is a severe disease that raises blood glucose levels because of hyperglycemia and insulinopenia. Fluctuations in water and electrolyte levels may result in xerostomia and other changes in the salivary composition. Since diabetes has an influence on oral health, it is important for the dentist to be aware of newer advances in the field of diabetes and to recognize specific oral problems related to diabetes. Thus, the dentist becomes an important part of the health care team for the patients with diabetes. Aim: The present study correlated salivary flow rate, salivary pH and total salivary antioxidant levels and dental caries in type I diabetic patients. Method: A total of 200 children that included 100 known diabetic children (study group) and 100 healthy children (controls) of both the sexes and from similar socioeconomic backgrounds formed the part of this study. Dental caries was assessed using DMFT index. The salivary total anti-oxidant level was estimated using phospho molybdic acid using spectrophotometric method. The salivary flow rate was recorded using the Zunt method and the salivary pH using the pH indicating paper. The results were statistically analyzed using t-test. Conclusions: The analyzed parameters showed increase in salivary anti-oxidant levels, reduced salivary flow rate, increase incidence of dental caries, salivary pH was decreased when compared to the control group.


Salivary Total Anti-oxidant, Salivary Flow Rate, Dental Caries, Salivary pH and Type I Diabetes

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Rai K,Hegde AM,Kamath A,Shetty S. Dental Caries and Salivary Alterations in Type I Diabetes. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2012. 36(2);181-184.


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