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Original Research

Open Access

Effect of some industrialized acidic beverages on the roughness of pit and fissure sealants: an in vitro study

  • Georgina Baca-Solano1
  • Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes1,*,
  • Laura Emma Rodríguez-Vilchis1
  • Bernardo Teutle-Coyotecatl1
  • Ulises Velazquez-Enriquez1

1Center for Research and Advanced Studies in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Mexico State, 50130 Toluca, Mexico State, Mexico

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2022.031 Vol.47,Issue 1,January 2023 pp.36-43

Submitted: 27 July 2022 Accepted: 29 September 2022

Published: 03 January 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes E-mail:


This study evaluated in vitro the roughness of the pit and fissure sealants (PFS) after immersion in some industrialized acidic beverages. 120 discs (5 mm diameter and 2 mm thick) of 4 commercial brands (3M, Ivoclar, Ultradent, and VOCO) were immersed in 1.5 mL of 3 different industrialized acid beverages (soft drink, apple juice, and fermented milk) and incubated at 37 ºC for 15 and 30 days. Surface roughness (Ra and Rz) was measured at the beginning (0), 15 (1), and 30 days (2) after immersion, using a profilometer, under the standard ISO 4287-1997. Data were analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (One-way ANOVA) and repeated measures analysis of variance (Repeated measures ANOVA) test (p < 0.05). Ultradent and VOCO had the higher baseline surface roughness values, while 3M presented the lower baseline values (p > 0.05). After 15 and 30 days of immersion, the 3M group still showed the minimum values of surface roughness (p < 0.05). In addition, the maximum roughness values were seen in group UC (Ultradent/Coca-Cola) (p < 0.05). The surface roughness of the PFS increased according to the period of immersion in some industrialized acidic beverages. This increase was specific to each commercial brand. Therefore, the 3M PFS presented the best performance before and after immersion in the beverages.


Pit and fissure sealants; Industrialized acidic beverages; Surface roughness; Dental materials

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Georgina Baca-Solano,Rosalía Contreras-Bulnes,Laura Emma Rodríguez-Vilchis,Bernardo Teutle-Coyotecatl,Ulises Velazquez-Enriquez. Effect of some industrialized acidic beverages on the roughness of pit and fissure sealants: an in vitro study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2023. 47(1);36-43.


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