Congenital cranio-facial abnormalities in paediatric population: a systematic review on temporomandibular disorders
1Multidisciplinary Department of Medical-Surgical and Odontostomatological Specialties, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80121 Naples, Italy
2Department of Woman, Child and General and Specialist Surgery, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80121 Naples, Italy
3Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, School of Dentistry, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
4Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, 00100 Rome, Italy
5Department of Biomedical and Surgical and Biomedical Sciences, Catania University, 95123 Catania, Italy
DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2023.049 Vol.47,Issue 5,September 2023 pp.12-18
Submitted: 20 February 2023 Accepted: 11 April 2023
Published: 03 September 2023
The aim of this systematic review was to explore the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients affected by congenital craniofacial disorders (CCD). Out of 292 papers, 9 studies were included with 561 participants. The included studies analyzed at least 15 patients treated for temporomandibular disorders, evaluating at least one clinical outcomes such as orofacial pain and/or muscular diseases, malocclusion, skeletal abnormality and/or deformities concerning temporomandibular joint, upper/lower jaw bone malformations. These findings provide an evidence of an association between temporomandibular disorders and congenital craniofacial disorders. The evidence is supported by the findings of a small number of papers in the literature, some of which were of just fair quality. To be definitive in this regard, additional research with a sizable sample size and control group are required.
Cranio-facial abnormalities; Congenital; Orofacial pain; Pediatric; Temporomandibular disorders
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