Association between juvenile idiopathic arthritis and periodontal diseases: a systematic review and meta-analysis
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, 400016 Chongqing, China
DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2023.050 Vol.47,Issue 5,September 2023 pp.19-31
Submitted: 22 December 2022 Accepted: 14 March 2023
Published: 03 September 2023
Although periodontal diseases have been widely reported in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), their association with JIA remains controversial. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the association between JIA and periodontal diseases to facilitate oral health management and periodontal disease prevention in JIA patients. We conducted a comprehensive search of Web of Science, Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal (VIP) database, Wan Fang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and China Biomedical Literature Database (CBM) up to 30 September 2022, without publication dates or language restrictions. Two authors independently evaluated observational studies for inclusion, and the quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Continuous variables are presented as mean difference (MD) and 95%confidence interval (CI). Parameters of the simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), clinical attachment loss (CAL), and probing depth (PD) were considered as outcome measures and were compared between JIA patients and healthy controls. The initial search comprised 15 studies with a total of 1537 individuals. The meta-analysis showed the parameters of OHI-S (MD = 0.12, 95% CI: 0.04–0.19, p = 0.002), PI (MD = 2.08, 95% CI: 1.67–2.50, p < 0.00001), GI (MD = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.17–0.82, p = 0.003), CAL (MD = 0.22, 95% CI: 0.01–0.43, p = 0.04), and PD (MD = 1.42, 95% CI: 0.08–2.77, p = 0.04) in JIA patients were significantly higher than those of healthy controls. All of the included studies were of high quality. This systematic review and meta-analysis showed a possible association between JIA and periodontal diseases. Therefore, it is recommended to continuously pay attention to the periodontal health of JIA patients and fully explore the underlying mechanism.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis; Periodontal diseases; Periodontitis; Gingivitis; Meta-analysis
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