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The efficacy of hypnosis compared with the tell/show/do technique for the reduction of anxiety/pain in children undergoing pulpotomies: a randomized controlled trial

  • Claudia Butrón-Téllez Girón1
  • Alejandra Ramírez-Carrasco2
  • Omar Sánchez-Armass Cappello3
  • Amaury Pozos-Guillén4
  • Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez5,*,

1Department of pediatric dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, 78290 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

2Private practice, 78200 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

3Faculty of Psychology, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, 78399 San Luis Potosí, SLP, México

4Basic Sciences Laboratory, Faculty of Dentistry, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, 78290 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

5Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, 78210 San Luis Potosí, SLP, Mexico

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.009 Vol.48,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.69-77

Submitted: 24 March 2023 Accepted: 23 May 2023

Published: 03 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez E-mail: mauricio.pierdant@uaslp.mx

Abstract

Anxiety/pain is a combined experience that can hinder dental treatment in children and lead to the development of negative behaviours in any form of surgical treatment. Hypnosis is a suitable option with which to reduce anxiety and pain during dental treatment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of hypnosis compared to the tell/show/do technique for the reduction of anxiety and pain as measured by Face, Legs, Activity, Crying, Consolability (FLACC) scale in children undergoing pulpotomies. We performed a randomized and controlled clinical trial involving 60 children aged 5 to 7 years without previous dental experiences but with clinical and radiographic indications for pulpotomy in the primary mandibular right or left first or second molar. The children were divided into two groups: a control group (treated by conventional behaviour management techniques) and an experimental group (treated by hypnosis). The FLACC scale was used to evaluate anxiety/pain during preoperative, transoperative and postoperative pulpotomy treatment; we also analysed variations in heart rate and skin conductance. The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03739346). Statistical analysis was performed in R Studio version 1.2.1335. The FLACC scale was significantly lower in the experimental group (p = 0.022) throughout the entire treatment duration. In addition, heart rate and global skin conductance were both significantly lower in the experimental group when measured at different times (p = 0.005 and p = 0.032, respectively). When compared to conventional behavioural management techniques, the FLACC scale demonstrated that hypnosis was associated with significant reductions in heart rate, skin conductance and anxiety/pain throughout the entire duration of treatment. decreases anxiety/pain during the entire operative procedure. There was clear improvements in anxiety and pain control in patients receiving hypnotic therapy.


Keywords

Anxiety; Pain; Behavior; Hypnosis; Randomized controlled clinical trial


Cite and Share

Claudia Butrón-Téllez Girón,Alejandra Ramírez-Carrasco,Omar Sánchez-Armass Cappello,Amaury Pozos-Guillén,Mauricio Pierdant-Pérez. The efficacy of hypnosis compared with the tell/show/do technique for the reduction of anxiety/pain in children undergoing pulpotomies: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(1);69-77.

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