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Original Research

Open Access

Visually impaired population from low socioeconomic strata and their oral health status: an observational study

  • Vinay Kumar Srivastava1,†
  • Aman Kumar1,*,†,
  • Pooja Gupta1,†
  • Vaishali Bhati1,†

1Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, 221005 Varanasi, India

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.015 Vol.48,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.138-143

Submitted: 03 April 2023 Accepted: 23 May 2023

Published: 03 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Aman Kumar E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.


A significant portion of the world’s population suffers from blindness. Despite being a vital part of systemic health, oral health is neglected in such a population. The present study aimed to determine the oral health status of blind individuals in north India and to identify the factors affecting it. Sixty-nine blind students from a local school for the visually impaired were included in the study. A questionnaire was used to record the basic demographic details and oral habits, followed by an oral examination by a single trained dentist to record dental caries, periodontal status and dental trauma. The prevalence of Dental caries was 63.8% (mean 1.43 ± 1.61). Gingival bleeding on probing (BOP) was found in 60.9% of individuals. Dental trauma prevalence was 23.2%, and harmful oral habits were found in 31.9% of individuals. Individuals experiencing a toothache in the last year had a 1.784 times higher risk of dental caries than those who didn’t experience a toothache. Individuals having acquired blindness are 2.411 times more prone to dental trauma in comparison to those suffering from congenital blindness. Blind individuals have poor oral health. Toothache in the last one year is an important risk factor for dental caries in such individuals. Acquired blindness makes a person more susceptible to dental trauma than congenital blindness.


Visual impairment; Blindness; Oral health; Dental caries; Low socioeconomic status

Cite and Share

Vinay Kumar Srivastava,Aman Kumar,Pooja Gupta,Vaishali Bhati. Visually impaired population from low socioeconomic strata and their oral health status: an observational study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(1);138-143.


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