Article Data

  • Views 655
  • Dowloads 179

Original Research

Open Access

Visually impaired population from low socioeconomic strata and their oral health status: an observational study

  • Vinay Kumar Srivastava1,†
  • Aman Kumar1,*,†,
  • Pooja Gupta1,†
  • Vaishali Bhati1,†

1Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, 221005 Varanasi, India

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.015 Vol.48,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.138-143

Submitted: 03 April 2023 Accepted: 23 May 2023

Published: 03 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Aman Kumar E-mail: kumaraman@bhu.ac.in

† These authors contributed equally.

Abstract

A significant portion of the world’s population suffers from blindness. Despite being a vital part of systemic health, oral health is neglected in such a population. The present study aimed to determine the oral health status of blind individuals in north India and to identify the factors affecting it. Sixty-nine blind students from a local school for the visually impaired were included in the study. A questionnaire was used to record the basic demographic details and oral habits, followed by an oral examination by a single trained dentist to record dental caries, periodontal status and dental trauma. The prevalence of Dental caries was 63.8% (mean 1.43 ± 1.61). Gingival bleeding on probing (BOP) was found in 60.9% of individuals. Dental trauma prevalence was 23.2%, and harmful oral habits were found in 31.9% of individuals. Individuals experiencing a toothache in the last year had a 1.784 times higher risk of dental caries than those who didn’t experience a toothache. Individuals having acquired blindness are 2.411 times more prone to dental trauma in comparison to those suffering from congenital blindness. Blind individuals have poor oral health. Toothache in the last one year is an important risk factor for dental caries in such individuals. Acquired blindness makes a person more susceptible to dental trauma than congenital blindness.


Keywords

Visual impairment; Blindness; Oral health; Dental caries; Low socioeconomic status


Cite and Share

Vinay Kumar Srivastava,Aman Kumar,Pooja Gupta,Vaishali Bhati. Visually impaired population from low socioeconomic strata and their oral health status: an observational study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(1);138-143.

References

[1] Blanco López MA, Diniz Freitas M, Limeres Posse J, Hernández‐Vallejo G, López‐Pintor RM. Oral health status and dental care for individuals with visual impairment. A narrative review. Special Care in Dentistry. 2023; 43: 221–231.

[2] Taylor HR. Global blindness: the progress we are making and still need to make. Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology. 2019; 8: 424–428.

[3] Jain A, Gupta J, Aggarwal V, Goyal C. To evaluate the comparative status of oral health practices, oral hygiene and periodontal status amongst visually impaired and sighted students. Special Care in Dentistry. 2013; 33: 78–84.

[4] Solanki J, Gupta S, Arora G, Bhateja S. Prevalence of dental caries and oral hygiene status among blind school children and normal children, jodhpur city: a comparative study. Journal of Advanced Oral Research. 2013; 4: 1–5.

[5] Shih Y, Chang CS. Teaching oral hygiene skills to elementary students with visual impairments. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness. 2005; 99: 26–39.

[6] Agurto PV, Diaz RM, Cadiz OD, Bobenrieth FK. Oral bad habits frequency and its association with dentomaxilar abnormal development, in children three to six-year-old in Santiago Oriente. Revista Chilena de Pediatria. 1999; 70: 470–482.

[7] World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods. Biometrics. 1971; 27: 1111.

[8] Vashist P, Wadhwani M, Singh S, Gupta V, Gupta N, Saxena R. Prevalence and causes of childhood blindness in India: a systematic review. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 2020; 68: 311–315.

[9] Alshatrat S, Bakri IA, Omari WA, Tabnjh A. Oral health knowledge, behaviour, and access to dental care in visually impaired individuals in Jordan: a case-control study. The Open Dentistry Journal. 2021; 15: 33–40.

[10] Sharma A, Reddy K. Prevalence of oral health status in visually impaired children. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2011; 29: 25–27.

[11] Reddy V, Chaurasia K, Bhambal A, Moon N, Reddy E. A comparison of oral hygiene status and dental caries experience among institutionalized visually impaired and hearing impaired children of age between 7 and 17 years in central India. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2013; 31: 141–145.

[12] Tagelsir A, Khogli AE, Nurelhuda NM. Oral health of visually impaired schoolchildren in Khartoum State, Sudan. BMC Oral Health. 2013; 13: 33.

[13] Shetty V, Hegde A, Bhandary S, Rai K. Oral health status of the visually impaired children—a South Indian study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2010; 34: 213-216.

[14] Liu L, Zhang Y, Wu W, He M, Lu Z, Zhang K, et al. Oral health status among visually impaired schoolchildren in Northeast China. BMC Oral Health. 2019; 19: 63.

[15] Jain M, Bharadwaj SP, Kaira LS, Bharadwaj SP, Chopra D, Prabu D, et al. Oral health status and treatment need among institutionalised hearing-impaired and blind children and young adults in Udaipur, India. A comparative study. Oral Health and Dental Management. 2013; 12: 41–49.

[16] Munot H, Avinash A, Kashyap N, Baranwal R, Kumar B, Sagar M. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries among visually impaired children attending special schools of Chhattisgarh. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2017; 35: 209–215.

[17] Rodríguez-Olivos LHG, Chacón-Uscamaita PR, Quinto-Argote AG, Pumahualcca G, Pérez-Vargas LF. Deleterious oral habits related to vertical, transverse and sagittal dental malocclusion in pediatric patients. BMC Oral Health. 2022; 22: 88.

[18] Suhani RD, Suhani MF, Muntean A, Mesaros M, Badea ME. Deleterious oral habits in children with hearing impairment. Clujul Medical. 2015; 88:403–407.

[19] Kalla GCM, Tiomo EDM, Onana J, Mbopi-Keou FX, Messanga CB. Morphological and functional abnormalities of the orofacial sphere associated with thumb sucking in children aged 3 to 10 years old in Yaounde, Cameroon. Pan African Medical Journal. 2022; 42: 107.


Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

PubMed (MEDLINE) PubMed comprises more than 35 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Scopus: CiteScore 2.0 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top