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Original Research

Open Access

Visualization of etching cycles efficacy at the resin infiltration into artificial enamel caries: in-vitro study on bovine teeth

  • Mehmet Çiloğlu1,*,
  • Gül Keskin2

1Uşak Oral and Dental Health Center, 64000 Uşak, Turkey

2Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, 07400 Antalya, Turkey

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.021 Vol.48,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.191-197

Submitted: 12 May 2023 Accepted: 28 June 2023

Published: 03 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Mehmet Çiloğlu E-mail: uzmdtmehmetciloglu@gmail.com

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of repeated etching cycles on resin infiltrant penetration. Enamel samples measuring 4 × 4 × 3 mm3 were obtained from the facial aspect of 50 extracted bovine teeth. Samples were immersed in a demineralization solution for 21 days to create artificial lesions and divided into five equal groups (n = 10). A 15%hydrochloric acid gel was administered to each group. The acid etching application time differed between groups: Group 1; 2 min, Group 2; 2 × 2 min, Group 3; 3 × 2 min, Group 4; 4 × 2 min, and Group 5; 5 × 2 min. Resin infiltration was visualized using a confocal laser scanning microscopy. The lesion, penetration and erosion depth (µm) were calculated, and data were statistically analyzed. The highest penetration depth (75.59 ± 9.42 µm) was seen in Group 5, followed by Groups 4, 3, 2 and 1. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the penetration depths between Groups 4 and 5 and between Groups 2, 3 and 4 (p > 0.05). In conclusion, a repeated etching cycle enhanced resin infiltrant penetration.


Keywords

Confocal laser scanning microscopy; Resin infiltration; Enamel caries; Acid etching


Cite and Share

Mehmet Çiloğlu,Gül Keskin. Visualization of etching cycles efficacy at the resin infiltration into artificial enamel caries: in-vitro study on bovine teeth. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(1);191-197.

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