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Original Research

Open Access

Awareness about emergency management of avulsed tooth among intern dentists—a cross-sectional observational study

  • Rizwan Qureshi1
  • Azhar Iqbal2,*,
  • Sunitha Siddanna3
  • Ujala Siddeeq1
  • Farah Mushtaq1
  • Bilal Arjumand4
  • Osama Khattak2
  • Saqib Sarfarz1
  • Naif Abdulrahman Naif Aljunaydi5
  • Abdulrahman Muharrab Mohammed Alkhaldi5
  • Mosa Altassan6
  • Esraa Ahmed Attar6
  • Rakhi Issrani7,8,*,
  • Namdeo Prabhu9

1Department of Operative Dentistry, Rawal Institute of Health Sciences, 44000 Islamabad, Pakistan

2Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, 72311 Sakaka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

3Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, 570015 Mysore, India

4Department of Conservative Dental Sciences and Endodontics, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Buraydah, 52571 Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

5College of Dentistry, Jouf University, 72311 Sakaka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

6Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, 22230 Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

7Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, 72311 Sakaka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

8Department of Research Analytics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, 600077 Chennai, India

9Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery & Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, 72311 Sakaka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.034 Vol.48,Issue 2,March 2024 pp.64-71

Submitted: 11 June 2023 Accepted: 18 August 2023

Published: 03 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Azhar Iqbal E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Rakhi Issrani E-mail:


Tooth avulsion is a frequently encountered dental emergency. Children are commonly reported group due to frequent sports activities, trauma, accidents and falls. Prompt emergency management is vital for long term success and to avoid morbidity. The study was aimed to assess the understanding of intern dentists about the emergency handling of avulsed teeth cases as mostly they are first responders among health care personnel. In this study a fourteen-item questionnaire with predefined responses was shared as online Google survey form with intern dentists of 5 different dental teaching hospitals of Islamabad, Pakistan. The duration of the study was 6 months (01 March 2022 to 31 August 2022). The questions were intended to collect personal information and to check level of knowledge and awareness about the management of avulsed tooth among the dental interns. The data was analyzed by statistical methods and is presented through tables and descriptive methods. In total, 152 participants completed the shared questionnaire. The vast majority (71%) of them were aware of the initial management of avulsed teeth, 49% were aware of the ideal transport medium for an avulsed tooth, (43%) were aware of the critical time for successful replantation, while (62%) had knowledge of the multiple factors responsible for the outcome of the tooth replantation. For majority of the statements, female participants had better knowledge as compared to their male counterparts. Statistically significant difference was noted for the statement “If you found the knocked-out tooth and it is dirty what will be your initial approach?” with female participants having better knowledge as compared to the male (p value = 0.005). Based on our study results, generally dental interns are well-informed but still lack expected level of awareness regarding the proper management protocol for avulsed tooth. Hence, improvement is needed regarding the effective handling of avulsed teeth cases.


Dental trauma; Emergencies; Tooth avulsion; Tooth injuries

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Rizwan Qureshi,Azhar Iqbal,Sunitha Siddanna,Ujala Siddeeq,Farah Mushtaq,Bilal Arjumand,Osama Khattak,Saqib Sarfarz,Naif Abdulrahman Naif Aljunaydi,Abdulrahman Muharrab Mohammed Alkhaldi,Mosa Altassan,Esraa Ahmed Attar,Rakhi Issrani,Namdeo Prabhu. Awareness about emergency management of avulsed tooth among intern dentists—a cross-sectional observational study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(2);64-71.


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