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Original Research

Open Access

Antibacterial effects of dentifrices against Streptococcus mutans in children: a comparative in vitro study

  • Kubra Tonguc-Altin1,*,
  • Senem Selvi-Kuvvetli1
  • Nursen Topcuoglu2
  • Guven Kulekci2

1Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Yeditepe University, 34730 Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Oral Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, 34390 Istanbul, Turkey

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.035 Vol.48,Issue 2,March 2024 pp.72-81

Submitted: 08 April 2023 Accepted: 20 June 2023

Published: 03 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Kubra Tonguc-Altin E-mail: kubra.tonguc@yeditepe.edu.tr

Abstract

Fluoridated dentifrices have antibacterial effects on children’s teeth. On the other hand, the side effects encountered with the use of them have led researchers to look for safe alternatives. This study aimed to determine the antibacterial effect of different commercially available fluoride-free dentifrices on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) in comparison with different concentrations of fluoridated dentifrices. Study groups comprised of fluoride-free dentifrices, which contain Probiotic (Activated Charcoal Probiotic Dentifrice—Group P), Aloe Vera—Group AV and Salivary Proteins—Group SP. Fluoridated dentifrices containing 1450 ppm fluoride—Control Group 1 and 500 ppm fluoride—Control Group 2 served as control groups. Antibacterial activity was assessed by Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations and agar well diffusion assays on S. mutans. Biofilm inhibition assay was performed with dentifrices, which had antibacterial activities, and a negative control phosphate-buffered saline (Group PBS) on sterile hydroxyapatite discs against S. mutans. Statistical evaluation was performed. Only group AV showed an antibacterial effect on S. mutans, while control groups showed a similar antibacterial effect. The mean number of viable bacteria present in S. mutans biofilm in Control Group 1 and 2 and Group AV were statistically significantly lower than that in Group PBS, but there were no statistically significant differences between Control Groups and Group AV. Antibacterial activity of commercial dentifrices against S. mutans may be exerted by antibacterial components other than fluoride. Aloe vera-containing toothpaste showed an antibacterial effect on S. mutans, although not as much as the fluoride-containing toothpastes in the control groups. However, further in vivo and long-term studies are required.


Keywords

Aloe vera; Fluoride; Antibacterial activity; Commercial; Dentifrice


Cite and Share

Kubra Tonguc-Altin,Senem Selvi-Kuvvetli,Nursen Topcuoglu,Guven Kulekci. Antibacterial effects of dentifrices against Streptococcus mutans in children: a comparative in vitro study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(2);72-81.

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