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Body mass index, oral health status and OHRQoL among special health care needs children and parenting stress: a case-control study in Southern Saudi Arabia

  • Sarah Aedh Alshehri1
  • Zuhair Motlak Alkahtani2
  • Faisal Ali AlQhtani2
  • Sara Abdullah AL Rasayn1
  • Reema Nasser Alasere1
  • Shaima Abdullah Alqahtani1
  • Rafi Ahmad Togoo2
  • Tasneem Sakinatul Ain3,*,
  • Syed M Yassin2
  • Meer Zakirulla2

1College of Dentistry King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2Department of Pediatric Dentistry & Orthodontic Sciences, College of Dentistry King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

3Division of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry King Khalid University, 62529 Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.044 Vol.48,Issue 2,March 2024 pp.163-172

Submitted: 27 August 2023 Accepted: 07 December 2023

Published: 03 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Tasneem Sakinatul Ain E-mail: tain@kku.edu.sa

Abstract

The appropriateness for determining Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) of special children by their caregivers must be thoroughly assessed. The present study was conducted to assess the Oral health related quality of life of children with disability and the stress levels of their parents. Moreover, the study also evaluated the plaque, DMFT (Decayed, missing, filled teeth) and BMI (Body Mass Index) of disabled children (cases) and healthy children (controls). The present case-control study was carried out on 150 parents of disabled children and 30 parents of healthy children (control group) at King Khalid University, Abha, KSA. The Arabic version of the 36-item parenting stress index-short format (PSI-SF) instrument was used for the assessment of parental stress, and the WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Version) Arabic version questionnaire was used for the assessment of quality of life of children. The parents or the caregivers who would be mainly occupied in assisting and rendering care to their children with different disabilities (certified by a pediatrician, aged between 4–14 years), were included in the study. Data were analyzed using statistical software. The total mean value score of the PSI scale of parents of cases was statistically found to be significantly higher compared to the mean scores among parents of controls (p = 0.004). The correlation between BMI and plaque & BMI and DMFT+df of cases indicated no statistically significant correlation while a statistically significant correlation between plaque and DMFT+df values in cases was observed. The mean score of the social relationship domain was statistically significantly different across the four levels of parents’ educational status. The severity of dental caries, plaque accumulation and education-level of caregivers had a significant impact on the OHRQoL, however, BMI did not show a significant relation with DMFT and plaque scores. The parenting stress was found to be statistically higher among the parents of cases compared to the parents of controls.


Keywords

Body mass index; Dental caries; Quality of life; Disabled children


Cite and Share

Sarah Aedh Alshehri,Zuhair Motlak Alkahtani,Faisal Ali AlQhtani,Sara Abdullah AL Rasayn,Reema Nasser Alasere,Shaima Abdullah Alqahtani,Rafi Ahmad Togoo,Tasneem Sakinatul Ain,Syed M Yassin,Meer Zakirulla. Body mass index, oral health status and OHRQoL among special health care needs children and parenting stress: a case-control study in Southern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(2);163-172.

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