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Original Research

Open Access

3D evaluation of the maxillary sinus volumes in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate

  • Ali Altındağ1,*,
  • Emire Aybuke Erdur2
  • Ömer Erdur3
  • İbrahim Şevki Bayrakdar4

1Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Necmettin Erbakan University, 42090 Konya, Turkey

2Department of Orthodontics, Private Practice, 06530 Ankara, Turkey

3Department of Otolaryngology, Selçuk University, 42250 Konya, Turkey

4Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Eskişehir Osmangazi University, 26040 Eskişehir, Turkey

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.045 Vol.48,Issue 2,March 2024 pp.173-180

Submitted: 14 November 2023 Accepted: 17 January 2024

Published: 03 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Ali Altındağ E-mail:;


One of the most common congenital anomalies of the head and neck region is a cleft lip and palate. This retrospective case-control research aimed to compare the maxillary sinus volumes in individuals with bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP) to a non-cleft control group. The study comprised 72 participants, including 36 patients with BCLP and 36 gender and age-matched control subjects. All topographies were obtained utilizing Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) for diagnostic purposes, and 3D Dolphin software was utilized for sinus segmentation. Volumetric measurements were taken in cubic millimeters. No significant differences were found between the sex and age distributions of both groups. Additionally, there was no statistically significant difference observed between the BCLP group and the control group on the right and left sides (p > 0.05). However, the mean maxillary sinus volumes of BCLP patients (8014.26 ± 2841.03 mm3) were significantly lower than those of the healthy control group (11,085.21 ± 3146.12 mm3) (p < 0.05). The findings of this study suggest that clinicians should be aware of the lower maxillary sinus volumes in BCLP patients when planning surgical interventions. The utilization of CBCT and sinus segmentation allowed for precise measurement of maxillary sinus volumes, contributing to the existing literature on anatomical variations in BCLP patients.


Bilateral cleft lip-palate; Cone-beam computed tomography; Maxillary sinus; Volume

Cite and Share

Ali Altındağ,Emire Aybuke Erdur,Ömer Erdur,İbrahim Şevki Bayrakdar. 3D evaluation of the maxillary sinus volumes in patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(2);173-180.


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