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Case Reports

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Vitamin D deficiency and chronological hypoplasia with hypomineralisation: a case report

  • Amal Albalooshy1,*,

1Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, 21944 Taif, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.072 Vol.48,Issue 3,May 2024 pp.177-181

Submitted: 27 May 2023 Accepted: 04 July 2023

Published: 03 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Amal Albalooshy E-mail: amal.m@tu.edu.sa

Abstract

Patients being reported for vitamin D deficiency (VDD) are increasing, particularly among the children and adolescents. This study aims to manifest the clinical and dental evaluations of a child with VDD, referred to the dental office. A 10-year-old British Asian boy was referred to the paediatric specialist dentistry clinic by the general dentist for dental management. The medical history depicted that the patient was diagnosed with VDD, secondary hyperparathyroidism and delayed growth. Moreover, his mother had the VDD during pregnancy. The patient was breast fed and had rickets in infancy. He was prescribed vitamin D supplements at the age of 16 months. He had received multiple dental treatments under local anaesthesia but with limited cooperation. Clinical examination revealed that the patient had chronological enamel hypoplasia shown as bands at the occlusal third on specific teeth. Suboptimal hygiene with general plaque induced gingivitis, dental caries in permanent and primary teeth, and delayed the teeth eruption. Preventions included appropriate oral hygiene and dietary advice, fluoride varnish application and fissure sealant placement. The treatments included anterior direct composite restoration, posterior composite restoration, stainless steel crowns and extractions. Thorough medical history is essential to understand the underlying causes of dental defects. Early dental intervention can restore the patient appearance and function and prevent further dental damage.


Keywords

Vitamin D deficiency; Hypoplasia; Oral health


Cite and Share

Amal Albalooshy. Vitamin D deficiency and chronological hypoplasia with hypomineralisation: a case report. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(3);177-181.

References

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