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Radiographic and diagnostic approaches for mandibular asymmetries in orthodontic practice: a narrative review

  • Salvatore La Rosa1
  • Rosalia Leonardi1
  • Vincenzo Ronsivalle1
  • Marco Cicciù1
  • Antonino Lo Giudice1,*,

1Department of General Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, Section of Orthodontics, University of Catania, Policlinico Universitario “Gaspare Rodolico—San Marco”, 95123 Catania, Italy

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.073 Vol.48,Issue 4,July 2024 pp.1-15

Submitted: 08 December 2023 Accepted: 20 March 2024

Published: 03 July 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Antonino Lo Giudice E-mail:


Mandibular asymmetry refers to dimensional differences between the left and right sides of the mandible in terms of size, form and volume. This condition may result in problems with functionality as well as appearance. Early intervention is often deemed optimal for addressing mandibular asymmetry; however, there is a lack of consensus regarding the diagnostic approach and strategy for identifying asymmetries in developing individuals. The purpose of this narrative review (NR) is to provide a clinician-focused update on the radiographic techniques for identifying mandibular asymmetries in orthodontic patients. Selective database searches were conducted until November 2023 to assess the available literature on mandibular asymmetry diagnosis. A health-sciences librarian developed a search strategy utilizing appropriate terms associated with mandibular asymmetry diagnosis. The databases used were Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, Liliacs and PubMed. Fifty-two studies were included in this review and data regarding the evaluation of mandibular asymmetries were presented with a narrative approach delineating clinical indications based on retrieved findings. There is no unanimous consensus on the method for diagnosing mandibular asymmetries. Cone beam computed tomography emerges as the preferred examination method for diagnosing mandibular asymmetry, thanks to the assessment of a 3D structure with a 3D image. However, the use of only orthopantomography could be advisable as a first-line diagnostic tool in children due to less radiation exposure.


Mandibular asymmetry; Orthodontics; Radiographic diagnosis

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Salvatore La Rosa,Rosalia Leonardi,Vincenzo Ronsivalle,Marco Cicciù,Antonino Lo Giudice. Radiographic and diagnostic approaches for mandibular asymmetries in orthodontic practice: a narrative review. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(4);1-15.


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