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Original Research

Open Access

Comparison of clinical outcomes between mineral trioxide aggregate and bioceramic materials in pulpotomy for treating early chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth

  • Yan Wang1
  • Tian Feng2
  • Liping Wang1
  • Tao Guo1
  • Xu Huang1,*,

1Department of Stomatology, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 830011 Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China

2Department of Medical, The Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, 830028 Urumqi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.092 Vol.48,Issue 4,July 2024 pp.185-190

Submitted: 26 February 2024 Accepted: 11 May 2024

Published: 03 July 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Xu Huang E-mail:


This study aims to elucidate the clinical efficacy of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and Bioceramic Materials in pulpotomy procedures for early-stage chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth. The clinical data of 100 children with early chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth treated at our institution between January 2021 and January 2023 were included retrospectively, which were divided into an experimental group (n = 50) and a control group (n = 50) according to the treatment methods. Experimental group received pulpotomy with Thera Cal LC as bioceramic pulp-capping material versus control group with MTA as pulp-capping agent. Comparative studies were conducted to assess the clinical effectiveness and differences between both pulp-capping techniques. At 12 months postoperatively, the experimental group showed a significantly higher success rate than the control group (96.00% vs. 80.00%, p < 0.05). Post-treatment inflammatory markers (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-8 (IL-8)) were substantially lower in the experimental group (p < 0.05). Furthermore, significantly lower pain scores and higher comfort and satisfaction scores were obtained in the experimental group (p < 0.05). Experimental group adverse reactions were also lower in the experimental group (p < 0.05). TheraCal LC bioceramic material treats early chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth effectively. Clinically, it is an excellent therapeutic option for emergence of permanent dentition, pain relief, comfort and improvement of patient satisfaction.


Mineral trioxide aggregate; Bioceramic material; Early chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth; Pulpotomy

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Yan Wang,Tian Feng,Liping Wang,Tao Guo,Xu Huang. Comparison of clinical outcomes between mineral trioxide aggregate and bioceramic materials in pulpotomy for treating early chronic pulpitis in deciduous teeth. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(4);185-190.


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