Article Data

  • Views 709
  • Dowloads 130

Original Research

Open Access

Self-reported dental pain in Mexican schoolchildren: a national ecological study

  • Víctor Jesús Delgado-Pérez1
  • Elías Nahum Salmerón-Valdez1
  • Norma Leticia Robles-Bermeo1
  • Salvador Eduardo Lucas Rincón2
  • Mario I. Ortiz3
  • Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana2
  • Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado4
  • Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez2
  • Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solis1,2,*,
  • Gerardo Maupomé5

1Advanced Studies and Research Centre in Dentistry “Dr. Keisaburo Miyata” of School of Dentistry at Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, 50130 Toluca, EM, Mexico

2Academic Area of Dentistry of Health Sciences Institute at Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, 42130 Pachuca, HG, Mexico

3Academic Area of Medicine of Health Sciences Institute at Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, 42130 Pachuca, HG, Mexico

4School of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Campeche, 24039 Campeche, CM, Mexico

5Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indiana University/Purdue University, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA

DOI: 10.22514/jocpd.2024.057 Vol.48,Issue 3,May 2024 pp.37-45

Submitted: 25 May 2023 Accepted: 10 August 2023

Published: 03 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solis E-mail: cemedinas@uaeh.edu.mx

Abstract

The objective of this study was to quantify the prevalence of and identify the factors associated with dental pain among elementary- and middle-school students in Mexico. An ecological study was carried out with data from the 2008 National School-based Student-Health Survey. Information on dental pain from schoolchildren (aged 5 to 16 years) was collected from public schools across the 32 states of Mexico. In the original study, a questionnaire was used to explore various factors that affect the oral and dental health status of schoolchildren. The outcome variable was the prevalence rate (for dental pain) reported at state level. Various contextual socioeconomic variables were included, in addition to dental caries. Analyses were performed using Stata software. 52.9% of interviewees were girls; 26.9% of male and female schoolchildren in Mexico experienced gum or dental pain during the period analyzed (95% Confidence Interval = 26.02, 27.77%); according to the Spearman correlation results, self-reported dental pain was unrelated (p > 0.05) to the socioeconomic and sociodemographic variables that make up the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the Human Development (HDI), as well as the marginalization and the Gini indices. However, the estimated percentages of self-reported dental pain and caries were positively correlated in the elementary- (r = 0.8958, p < 0.0001), middle-school (r = 0.8958, p < 0.0001) and total populations (r = 0.8542, p < 0.0001). Prevalence of self-reported dental pain was 28%, or about one in three, of the Mexican children and adolescents in the study sample. The state-level sociodemographic and socioeconomic risk indicators were not associated with the prevalence of dental pain. Self-reported caries was positively correlated with self-reported dental pain.


Keywords

Oral health; Dental pain; Caries; Children; Survey; Mexico


Cite and Share

Víctor Jesús Delgado-Pérez,Elías Nahum Salmerón-Valdez,Norma Leticia Robles-Bermeo,Salvador Eduardo Lucas Rincón,Mario I. Ortiz,Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana,Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado,Martha Mendoza-Rodríguez,Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solis,Gerardo Maupomé. Self-reported dental pain in Mexican schoolchildren: a national ecological study. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 2024. 48(3);37-45.

References

[1] GBD 2017 Oral Disorders Collaborators; Bernabe E, Marcenes W, Hernandez CR, Bailey J, Abreu LG, Alipour V, et al. Global, regional, and national levels and trends in burden of oral conditions from 1990 to 2017: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease 2017 study. Journal of Dental Research. 2020; 99: 362–373.

[2] Medina-Solís CE, Ávila-Burgos L, Borges-Yañez SA, Irigoyen-Camacho ME, Sánchez-Pérez L, Zepeda-Zepeda MA, et al. Ecological study on needs and cost of treatment for dental caries in schoolchildren aged 6, 12, and 15 years: data from a national survey in Mexico. Medicine. 2020; 99: e19092

[3] Raja SN, Carr DB, Cohen M, Finnerup NB, Flor H, Gibson S, et al. The revised international association for the study of pain definition of pain: concepts, challenges, and compromises. Pain. 2020; 161: 1976–1982.

[4] Allison JR, Stone SJ, Pigg M. The painful tooth: mechanisms, presentation and differential diagnosis of odontogenic pain. Oral Surgery. 2020; 13: 309–320.

[5] Rauber ED, Knorst JK, Noronha TG, Zemolin NAM, Ardenghi TM. Impact of the use of dental services on dental pain according to adolescents’ skin colour: a 10-year cohort. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2023; 27: 3149–3157.

[6] Costa FDS, Costa CDS, Chisini LA, Wendt A, Santos IDSD, Matijasevich A, et al. Socio-economic inequalities in dental pain in children: a birth cohort study. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2022; 50: 360–366.

[7] Freire MCM, Nery NG, Jordão LMR, Abreu MHNG. Individual and contextual determinants of dental pain in adolescents: evidence from a national survey. Oral Diseases. 2019; 25: 1384–1393.

[8] Santos PS, Barasuol JC, Moccelini BS, Magno MB, Bolan M, Martins-Junior PA, et al. Prevalence of toothache and associated factors in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2022; 26: 1105–1119.

[9] Pentapati KC, Yeturu SK, Siddiq H. Global and regional estimates of dental pain among children and adolescents—systematic review and meta-analysis. European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry. 2021; 22: 1–12.

[10] Barasuol JC, Santos PS, Moccelini BS, Magno MB, Bolan M, Martins-Júnior PA, et al. Association between dental pain and oral health-related quality of life in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2020; 48: 257–263.

[11] Krieger N, Williams DR, Moss NE. Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines. Annual Review of Public Health. 1997; 18: 341–378.

[12] Galobardes B, Shaw M, Lawlor DA, Lynch JW, Smith GD. Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1). Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2006; 60: 7–12.

[13] Galobardes B, Shaw M, Lawlor DA, Lynch JW, Smith GD. Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 2). Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2006; 60: 95–101.

[14] Jiang L, Li J, Yang Z, Huang X, Zhong X, Huang Y, et al. Analysis of epidemiological trends of and associated factors for tooth loss among 35- to 44-year-old adults in Guangdong, Southern China, 1995–2015: a population-based cross-sectional survey. BMC Oral Health. 2023; 23: 74.

[15] Fagundes MLB, Amaral Júnior OLD, Menegazzo GR, Bastos LF, Hugo FN, Abreu LG, et al. Pathways of socioeconomic inequalities in self-perceived oral health. Brazilian Oral Research. 2022; 36: e088.

[16] Aravena-Rivas Y, Monsalves MJ, Espinoza-Espinoza G, Weitz A, Hernández B, Castillo J, et al. Impact of socioeconomic inequalities on dental caries in deprived children: a multilevel analysis. Community Dental Health. 2022; 39: 191–196.

[17] Rodríguez-Godoy M, Navarro-Saiz LM, Alzate JP, Guarnizo-Herreño CC. Income inequality and early childhood caries in Colombia: a multilevel analysis. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2022; 27: 2325–2336. (In Spanish)

[18] Zhang J, Sardana D, Wong MCM, Leung KCM, Lo ECM. Factors associated with dental root caries: a systematic review. JDR Clinical & Translational Research. 2020; 5: 13–29.

[19] Munnangi S, Boktor SW. Epidemiology of study design. In: StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing: Treasure Island (FL). 2023.

[20] Casanova-Rosado JF, Casanova-Rosado AJ, Minaya-Sánchez M, Casanova-Sarmiento JA, Robles-Minaya JL, Márquez-Rodríguez S, et al. Self-reported dental caries by Mexican elementary and middle-school schoolchildren in the context of socioeconomic indicators: a national ecological study. Children. 2021; 8: 289.

[21] Ávila-Burgos L, Guzmán-Saldaña R, Márquez-Corona MDL, Pontigo-Loyola AP, Márquez-Rodríguez S, Mora-Acosta M, et al. Socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol and tobacco consumption: a national ecological study in Mexican adolescents. The Scientific World Journal. 2023; 2023: 3604004.

[22] Shamah Levy T. National survey of health in schoolchildren 2008. National Institute of Public Health (MX); Cuernavaca, Mexico: 2010. Available at: https://www.insp.mx/images/stories/Produccion/pdf/101202_ense.pdf (Accessed: 03 April 2019).

[23] Alzahrani AAH. Parent perspectives on perceived dental pain and dental caries in Saudi schoolchildren with intellectual disability. Special Care in Dentistry. 2019; 39: 310–318.

[24] Adeniyi AA, Odusanya OO. Self-reported dental pain and dental caries among 8–12-year-old school children: an exploratory survey in Lagos, Nigeria. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2017; 24: 37–43.

[25] Mishra A, Pandey RK, Chopra H, Arora V. Oral health awareness in school-going children and its significance to parent’s education level. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry. 2018; 36: 120–124.

[26] Natto ZS, Petersen FF, Niccola Q. The oral health status and the treatment needs in Chad: a pilot study. Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2014; 21: 245–249.

[27] Naidoo S, Chikte UM, Sheiham A. Prevalence and impact of dental pain in 8–10-year-olds in the western Cape. SADJ. 2001; 56: 521–523.

[28] Vargas AW, Maroneze MC, Ortiz FR, Ardenghi DM, Ardenghi TM. Influence of toothache on oral health-related quality of life during adolescence: a cohort study. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2022; 26: 4615–4622.

[29] Winpenny EM, Howe LD, van Sluijs EMF, Hardy R, Tilling K. Early adulthood socioeconomic trajectories contribute to inequalities in adult cardiovascular health, independently of childhood and adulthood socioeconomic position. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2021; 75: 1172–1180.

[30] Hammami N, Azevedo Da Silva M, Elgar FJ. Trends in gender and socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health over 16 years (2002–2018): findings from the Canadian health behaviour in school-aged children study. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada. 2022; 42: 68–78.

[31] Rocha-Ortiz JA, Tepox-Puga SM, Borges-Yañez SA, Mendoza-Rodríguez M, Escoffié-Ramirez M, Minaya-Sánchez M, et al. Tooth loss and associated factors in Mexican Older adults in nursing homes: a multicenter cross-sectional study. BioMed Research International. 2023; 2023: 4169097.

[32] Hernández-Morales A, González-López BS, Scougall-Vilchis RJ, Bermeo-Escalona JR, Velázquez-Enríquez U, Islas-Zarazúa R, et al. Lip and oral cavity cancer incidence and mortality rates associated with smoking and chewing tobacco use and the human development index in 172 countries worldwide: an ecological study 2019–2020. Healthcare. 2023; 11: 1063.

[33] Acuña-González GR, Casanova-Sarmiento JA, Islas-Granillo H, Márquez-Rodríguez S, Benítez-Valladares D, Villalobos-Rodelo JJ, et al. Inequalities in oral health: relationship between tooth brushing and socioeconomic position. Comunidad y Salud. 2022; 20: 63–71. (In Spanish)

[34] Cerutti J, Lussier AA, Zhu Y, Liu J, Dunn EC. Associations between indicators of socioeconomic position and DNA methylation: a scoping review. Clinical Epigenetics. 2021; 13: 221.

[35] Villalobos-Rodelo JJ, Lucas-Rincón SE, Jimenez-Gayosso SI, Hernández-Martínez CT, Márquez-Corona MDL, Pontigo-Loyola AP, et al. Characterizing socioeconomic inequalities in professionally applied topical fluoride treatment courses in schoolchildren from a developing country. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. 2022; 24: 351–359.

[36] Macedo TFF, Abreu MHNG, Martins RC, Matta-Machado ATGD, Pinto RDS, Castilho LS, et al. Contextual and individual factors associated with dental pain in adolescents from Southeastern Brazil. Brazilian Oral Research. 2021; 35: e111.

[37] Ferreira‐Júnior OM, Freire MDCM, Moreira RDS, Costa LR. Contextual and individual determinants of dental pain in preschool children. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology. 2015; 43: 349–356.

[38] Hernández-Martínez CT, Jiménez-Gayosso SI, Lucas-Rincón SE, Robles-Bermeo NL, Patiño-Marín N, Villalobos-Rodelo JJ, et al. Dental pain prevalence associated with caries experience in pediatric patients in a clinical sample in Mexico. Brazilian Oral Research. 2021; 35: e076.

[39] Paredes SO, da Nóbrega RF, Soares TS, Bezerra ME, de Abreu MH, Forte FD. Dental pain associated with untreated dental caries and sociodemographic factors in 5-year-old children. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 2021; 13: e552–e557.

[40] Valesan LF, Da-Cas CD, Réus JC, Denardin ACS, Garanhani RR, Bonotto D, et al. Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Oral Investigations. 2021; 25: 441–453.


Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,500 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Biological Abstracts Easily discover critical journal coverage of the life sciences with Biological Abstracts, produced by the Web of Science Group, with topics ranging from botany to microbiology to pharmacology. Including BIOSIS indexing and MeSH terms, specialized indexing in Biological Abstracts helps you to discover more accurate, context-sensitive results.

Google Scholar Google Scholar is a freely accessible web search engine that indexes the full text or metadata of scholarly literature across an array of publishing formats and disciplines.

JournalSeek Genamics JournalSeek is the largest completely categorized database of freely available journal information available on the internet. The database presently contains 39226 titles. Journal information includes the description (aims and scope), journal abbreviation, journal homepage link, subject category and ISSN.

Current Contents - Clinical Medicine Current Contents - Clinical Medicine provides easy access to complete tables of contents, abstracts, bibliographic information and all other significant items in recently published issues from over 1,000 leading journals in clinical medicine.

BIOSIS Previews BIOSIS Previews is an English-language, bibliographic database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of Clarivate Analytics Web of Science suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Scopus: CiteScore 2.0 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top